Fractures and Sprains Treatments in Wailuku
Fracture Diagnosis And Care
A fracture is a break or crack in a bone that occurs when the bone cannot withstand the amount of force being placed on it. A fracture is usually the result of trauma, a fall or a direct blow to the body. The severity of a fracture usually depends on the force that caused the break. A bone may be completely fractured or partially fractured in several different ways. Treatment for fractures may include a splint, cast or surgery, depending on the severity and location of the break.
Types Of Fractures
Fractures vary based on the type of injury that was sustained, the way the bone was fractured and the location of the fracture. Fractures may be categorized by the type of injury, which may include:
- A transverse fracture is a straight line across the bone
- An oblique fracture is an angled line or break
- A spiral fracture is a fracture that encircles the bone
- A comminuted fracture occurs when the bone has broken into several pieces
- A displaced fracture occurs when the bone fragments on each side of the break are not aligned
An open or compound fracture occurs when bone fragments puncture the skin, possibly damaging surrounding muscles and tendons. This is often the most serious type of fracture because if the skin is broken, infection in both the wound and the bone can occur.
Treatment Of A Fracture
Initial treatment of a fracture may include managing pain and any swelling of the injured area. Treatment for most fractures focuses on repositioning the bone and preventing it from moving out of place until it has healed. Treatment may include:
- Pain medication
- Immobilization through a splint or cast
- Functional cast or brace which allows limited movement of nearby joints
Treatment for Sprains
Mild sprains s can normally be successfully treated through the usual remedies of rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE). Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication is typically administered to reduce swelling and alleviate pain. In some circumstances, mild stretching exercises may be helpful.
While severe sprains may require complete immobilization with a cast, with lesser sprains and strains the patient may be able to utilize a bandage or brace, or may not require any assistance. Most patients heal gradually from mild or moderate sprains in approximately 2 to 8 weeks, depending on the severity of the injury.
If you or your loved one believe that a fracture or sprain has happened, then it is important to receive the best medical care in the Wailuku area. You can schedule and appointment with Dr. Soma at NorthShore Orthopedics through our website or by calling us today. Our team of compassionate medical providers is happy to answer any questions that you may have about fractures, sprains, and a wide variety of other orthopedic injuries or illnesses.